Burma or formally known as Myanmar is one of the countries in South East Asia.
Myanmar gained independence from the British in 1948. From 1962 until 2011 Myanmar was ruled by armed forces.
In this post, I will help you to grab some 5 important facts about the Myanmar military coup that you must need to know.
1.What is the background?
As mentioned earlier, Myanmar was under a military regime from 1962 until 2011. In 2011 the military junta was dissolved and President Thein Sein introduced many reforms such as implementing new economic policies. Many people believed that this will be the democratic era of Myanmar.
In 2015 Myanmar had the fairest election in history which was given a landslide victory for the National League for Democracy led by Aung San Suu Kyi.
In 2020 Myanmar had its 2nd election which was given again a landslide victory for Aung San Suu Kyi. Some of the international organizations like Human Rights Watch stated that the election was flawed while the military leaders in Myanmar alleged voter fraud.
2.What happened in 2021?
In 2021, the military in Myanmar arrested lawmakers of NLD and other parties including Aung San Suu Kyi, and stated that a yearlong state of emergency.
Also, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing will be taking charge of Myanmar and at the end of the state of emergency, there will be an election.
3. What is happening now?
There are protests against the military coup, throughout Myanmar. The military government in Myanmar has imposed many restrictions to control the protestors.
According to the latest news 18 protestors were killed after police open fire.
4. What is the reaction in the international arena?
USA – Under President Joe Biden, the USA and its allies will work to support Myanmar for establishing democracy and rule of law. Also, President Biden warned about imposing sanctions on those responsible for the coup.
United Nations – UN urged for strong condemnation from the international community against the Myanmar military coup.
European Union – the President of the European Union Charles Michel strongly condemned the military coup demanded for democracy restoration.
China – according to China, Myanmar can manage the situation within the constitutional and legal frameworks it has.
5. What will be the next?
According to many experts, it is uncertain to imagine an election at the end of the State of emergency, and most probably, military government will continue their rule.
In the economic aspect, the international investors may be pulling out of the country due to political uncertainty. This will be tough for Myanmar’s economy. On the other hand, some of the experts suggest that fruitful negotiations can bring some stability for the country.
As an overall, the future of Myanmar is uncertain. The situation is an internal matter in the country that can be affected regional stability and globally due to the strategic location. Myanmar should resolve the issue internally without external interference and should protect and restore democracy.
Image credits – India tv